Health-Fitness

lucib30 By lucib30, 20th Dec 2016 | Follow this author | RSS Feed | Short URL http://nut.bz/1fr6stif/
Posted in Wikinut>Health>Exercise & Fitness

Many people, especially those who take part in a sport or some other active recreation in their spare time, believe that they get enough exercise during their ordinary daily routine to keep themselves in good physical condition. Whether this is true or not depends very much on the type sports of exercise, and the regularity with which is practiced.

How fit are you? - sport and recreation



Many people, especially those who take part in a sport or some other active recreation in their spare time, believe that they get enough exercise during their ordinary daily routine to keep themselves in good physical condition. Whether this is true or not depends very much on the type sports of exercise, and the regularity with which is practiced.

Some of the more popular recreational activities are listed, together with information concerning their real value in promoting physical fitness. It will be noted that even the more active sports have widely differing effects in conditioning your body and keeping you fit.


Before you start

The first three exercises listed -jogging, bicycling and swimming- are known as aerobic exercise: that is, they increase a person’s aerobic capacity, which is the amount of oxygen body can use. The continuous sustained activity demanded by these exercises causes the muscles of the legs and the upper body to contract and relax in a steady rhythm, and causes the breathing rate to increase.

Aerobic exercises therefore provide excellent exercise for not only the body muscle, but also for the heart, the lungs and the cardiovascular system. They increase the efficiency of t
he heart in pumping the oxygen through the body, and of the body tissues in extracting that oxygen. Aerobic exercises are therefore especially beneficial in building up immunity.

Do not, however, believe that you will do yourself any good by setting off on a lengthy run or bicycle ride without previous preparation. As with other forms of physical exercise, when you start and aerobic exercise you must begin with sort periods of relatively undemanding exercise, as your body becomes stronger. If you have not taken any regular exercise for some time, or if you are over 40 years old, or if you suffer from any physical disorder, you should consult you physician before starting.


Jogging


Jogging requires not special equipment and can be easily fitted in to anyone’s daily routine. Because of these advantages the general value of jogging has perhaps been overrated,but can certainly be good for the lungs, heart and the leg muscles. You should work out a program, beginning gently and gradually increasing your pace and the distance you cover.









Bicycling

Like jogging, bicycling consists of regular, rhythmic exercise and is specially good for the heart,the lungs and the leg muscles. Changes of gradient and weather vary the demands on your body.


Swimming


Swimming develops your stamina,suppleness, and general muscular strength, as well as being good for the heart and lungs. Because your body is supported in the water your spine and joints can move freely and there is no weight on your back, hips and feet. These makes swimming especially suitable for people suffering from back trouble, arthritis and rheumatism. To get the full benefit from this sport, you should practice all the strokes: butterfly stroke improves back and shoulders muscles and backstroke and crawl are good for the shoulders and trunk.


Skiing

For all-round fitness, cross country skiing is much more valuable than downhill skiing. It promotes balance, flexibility, and general endurance.


Tennis and Racquetball

A lazy game of doubles is of little value in promoting physical fitness, but a fast game of singles, played at a pace that demands constant and vigorous activity, can be very beneficial. It strengthens the arm muscles and promote flexibility and balance.

Golf

Golf is chiefly valuable as an aid to mental relaxation. The only real physical benefit comes from the walking involved in progressing round the course, and to get as much benefit as possible you should work at brisk pace and carry your clubs on your shoulders, not in a cart.


Team games

Games such as football as baseball demand a wide variety of skills, and usually promote all-round fitness. However, the amount of time during which an individual player is actively involved in the game is usually short. The pattern of sudden bursts of effort alternating with longer periods of relative inactivity makes heavy demands on the heart and lungs. The first priority in training for any team game should therefore be the development of general fitness.

Gardening and do-it-yourself

Both these common recreational activities are more forms of relaxation than of physical conditioning. Where vigorous or prolonged activity is demanded, they can have a beneficial effect on developing particular muscles. Generally, however, the effort involved is not sufficient to be of any real value in promoting physical fitness, especially when labor-saving implements or electrical appliance are being used.

Tags

Fitness, Fitness Exercise Program, Fitness Program, Fitness Routine, Health

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