Menopause and Hormone Replacement Therapy

Jude Barton By Jude Barton, 15th Jun 2010 | Follow this author | RSS Feed | Short URL http://nut.bz/1mz6g456/
Posted in Wikinut>Health>General Health>Women's Health

You may be examining your options for treatment to alleviate symptoms of menopause. Choosing hormone replacement therapy or an alternative should be carefully examined and discussed with your health care provider.

Symptoms of Menopause for Which HRT is Given

If you are approaching menopause or in menopause you may be considering hormone replacement therapy. Hormone replacement therapy or HRT is often recommended to relieve menopausal symptoms in women and to prevent osteoporosis. If considering this option be sure to have an honest, straightforward conversation with your doctor about your symptoms and concerns.

Symptoms Include:
Mood fluctuation
Fatigue
Hot flashes
Diminished sex drive
Vaginal dryness
Osteoporosis

Types of HRT Supplementation and Dosing Options

HRT supplements estrogen, progesterone and occasionally testosterone. These hormones are diminished in women after menopause. Women who have had a hysterectomy are generally not given progesterone. Progesterone causes the endometrial tissue to shed from the uterus therefore it is not needed for women who’s uterus has been removed. The dosing of HRT can be achieved through various methods including creams, pills, patches and gels.

Risks from Hormone Replacement Therapy

If progesterone is not given there is the possibility of an overgrowth of cells in the uterus of menopausal women leading to a higher cancer risk. To reduce the cancer risk in women who still have their uterus they are given both estrogen and progesterone.

HRT is sometimes offered as a method for preventing osteoporosis after menopause however the protection is not a long term solution and ultimately diet and lifestyle changes are an approach that should be explored during menopause as well as other medication.

The Women’s Health Initiative (WHI) study revealed that menopausal aging women on combination HRT have an increased risk of heart disease. Furthermore, women on HRT should not smoke or participate in other activities that contribute to or increase the risk further. However a later 2006 study revealed that younger women actually showed a decrease risk. Women who participated in the WHI study were found to have continued high risk of stroke, blood clots and cancer.

Because of the increased risk of cancer, heart attack and stroke revealed in the WHI study the AMA now recommends only the lowest effective dosage to be given for the shortest amount of time.

Possible side Effects of HRT

Resumption of monthly bleeding and spotting
Tender breasts
Headaches
Fluid retention
Blood clots
Stroke

Lifestyle and Natural Treatments and Techniques

Practicing relaxation and deep breathing techniques, avoiding coffee, alcohol and spicy foods and dressing in layers can all be helpful in reducing hot flashes.

Weight bearing strength training exercise is recommended to help keep bones healthy.

There have been a number of herbal supplements and dietary practices reported by women to decrease hot flashes including black cohosh, dong quai, soy protein and an extract derived from red clover called Promensil.



Resources:
http://www.webmd.com/menopause/guide/menopause-hormone-therapy
http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/testosterone-therapy/AN01390

Tags

Estrogen, Hormonal Imbalance, Hormones, Hot Flashes, Menopause, Perimenopause, Progesterone

Meet the author

author avatar Jude Barton
I am an artist, mother, grandmother, Christian and traveler on a wonderful journey of life. My interests are art, art history, world culture, literature, film, children, and all the things that make us tick and tick us off.

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Comments

author avatar Mark Gordon Brown
15th Jun 2010 (#)

People should also know that some pills come from cruelty to horses. Premarin is one. My wife wrote a link about it, people who need to learn more can look up PMU barn stuff. Its actually quite sad. Foals are slaughtered in mass, and mares are kept in cruel situations.

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author avatar Erik Van Tongerloo
15th Jun 2010 (#)

Great article

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author avatar drelayaraja
17th Jun 2010 (#)

very nice info for the ladies.

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author avatar Melissa D. Ing
20th Jul 2010 (#)

Very well written. Thanks for sharing.

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author avatar Denise O
26th Aug 2010 (#)

Thank you, I really liked this article, as I have been talking with my doctor about getting some help for those darn hot flashes that decided to creep up on me over the last few years. Thanks for the advice.

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author avatar Jude Barton
1st Sep 2010 (#)

Yes they are really annoying aren't they!

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