Speech is a bestowed quality but one can improve his speaking skills by planning it. A person is to speak before the audience and it demands certain capabilities.
Method of Oral delivery
Speech is a bestowed quality but one can improve his speaking skills by planning it. A person is to speak before the audience and it demands certain capabilities. The first and foremost thing in this connection is the self-confidence. A person should be free of fear of stage. Oral presentation is not a casual speaking but it is planned and prepared speech. Following steps are essential for an oral presentation.
1-Purpose of the speech
The first step is the purpose of the speech. The speaker must have and know the purpose of his speech. Either it is to inform, instruct persuade or entertain.
2-Analysis of the Audience
The second step in this connection is the analysis of the audience. A speaker should be aware of the number of audience, their age, interest, occupation and level of education or understanding before delivering his speech.
3- To know the situation
A good speech or presentation is possible only when the speaker is aware of the context or situation in which he is going to speak. He prepares his speech by keeping in mind the situation.
4-Select the Ideas
When an orator has determined the purpose and analysed his audience along with situation, it becomes very easy for him to select the main ideas he wants to convey. Firstly he makes a random selection of related ideas and then carefully chooses the most relevant ideas.
After selecting the ideas the speaker thoroughly researches the topic. He tries to include all the necessary information in his message.
6-Organisation of matter
After selecting the ideas and research the orator prepares his speech. He arranges his ideas and often writes it according to the principles of good writing. He selects an introduction, a body and conclusion for his topic
7-Selection of Audio Visual aids
After compiling his speech he decides the aids which he going to use in his speech. He selects the audio visual aids according to the contents of his speech audience and the situation.
8-Rehearse and revise
The last step in the planning is the revision and rehearsal. The speaker rehearses his speech to become confident and overcome the stage fear.