The Difference Between Obsessive Compulsive Disorder and Obsessive Compulsive Personality Disorder

Agnat By Agnat, 2nd Nov 2011 | Follow this author | RSS Feed | Short URL http://nut.bz/g27vzg0m/
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Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) and obsessive compulsive personality disorder (OCPD) are two different forms of mental illness, despite having similar names. It is helpful to identify the characteristic of each disorder to understand the difference between the two.

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder and Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) and obsessive compulsive personality disorder (OCPD) are two different forms of mental illness, despite having similar names. It is helpful to identify the characteristic of each disorder to understand the difference between the two.

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

Recurrence of disturbing thoughts, images and impulses (obsessions) which interfere with personal, social and occupational functions are evident on a person having OCD. A person suffering from OCD acts out on repetitive, irrational, ritualistic and mental behaviours (compulsions) to neutralize or counteract obsessions. In OCD, the person is aware that thoughts are unreal and nonsense, but anxiety stimulates the brain making the person react, respond and do something. The person believes that these actions can protect the self and prevent terrible thoughts.

Obsessions in OCD includes:

1. Contamination – Body fluids, germs, environmental contaminants
2. Losing control – Fear on acting on an impulse such as harming oneself or other people
3. Harm – Fear of doing something terrible such as starting a fire
4. Obsessions related to Perfectionism – concern about evenness and neatness
5. Unwanted sexual thoughts – forbidden or perverse sexual thoughts or images about others including children
6. Religious obsessions – excessive concern about God and blasphemy; with right or wrong or morality
7. Other obsessions – concerned about getting sick or being lucky or unlucky

Compulsions include:

1. Washing and cleaning,
2. Checking and counting rituals,
3. Praying or chanting,
4. Hoarding,
5. Ordering,
6. Rigid performance (and);
7. Aggressive urges such as throwing one’s child against a wall.

Obsessive Compulsive Personality Disorder

People with COPD have preoccupations on perfectionism, mental and interpersonal control. These people recognize there are no pleasures in life. They experience problems in their work, family, friends and the people because trying to make things right.

The manner of these people is rigid, stern and stubborn, resistant to change and feel helpless in uncontrollable situations. They strive for perfection, absorbed in their own preoccupations because they think they are right. They consider and reconsider alternatives to attain perfection which prevents them to come up with a decision.

What are the Differences between OCD and OCPD?

The presence of having true obsessions and compulsions defines the difference between OCD and OCPD. The distinct feature of OCPD is the absence of obsessions and compulsions.

Individuals suffering from OCD:
• use tasks to reduce anxiety caused by obsession but people with OCPD justify that their action (eg., list making) is a strategy to improve efficiency,
• view their need to resent performing their rituals but people with OCPD view their rituals as beneficial,
• usually spend more time in their rituals than people with OCPD,
• seek treatment to cope with stress while people with OCPD seek help because of the conflicts that arises when they do not comply with what the people around them wants (and);
• OCD symptoms fluctuate and is obvious over time while symptoms of OCPD is limited and has little impact on personality.

References

Cherry, K., Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder Symptoms and Treatments, Retrieved from http://psychology.about.com/od/personalitydisorders/a/obsessivecomp.htm

Groberman, A. (2011), OCD vs OCPD, Brain Physics.com, Retrieved from http://www.brainphysics.com/articles/ocd/ocd-vs-ocpd

International OCD Foundation (2010), Retrieved from http://www.ocfoundation.org/whatisocd.aspx

Kelly, O. (2010), Telling the Difference Between OCD and Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder: Related or Different Disorders?, Retrieved from http://ocd.about.com/od/otheranxietydisorders/a/OCD_OCPD.htm

Videbeck, S. L. (2008), Psychiatric-Mental Health Nursing, Wolter’s Kluwer Health/ Lippincott Williams and Wilkins

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I am a student of nursing and caring is my passion.

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author avatar Fhgfh
2nd Nov 2011 (#)

http://ppt.cc/ew(L

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author avatar savaswriter
2nd Nov 2011 (#)

Good info, thanks.

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author avatar gold stand
10th Nov 2011 (#)

great job...keep on writing for this site

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author avatar Buzz
11th Dec 2011 (#)

Nice work, agnat. Pleased to meet you.

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