5 Essential Nutrients Which your Body Needs

Abhilash TyagiStarred Page By Abhilash Tyagi, 8th Jun 2018 | Follow this author | RSS Feed
Posted in Wikinut>Health>Diet & Nutrition

Healthy nutritious diet at the right time of the day along with regular exercise is considered to be the key to good health by top nutritionist in India.

The Significance of Essential Nutrients-

Currently, there is so much information circulating about the types and importance of nutrients for leading a healthy lifestyle that it becomes challenging for a common man to understand them. It is not very difficult to combine the essential nutrients in your daily diet. You need to be careful while selecting your menu. It is better to get the recommendations of the top nutritionist in India while preparing a diet chart.

The World Health Organization (WHO) considers essential nutrients as those compounds which provide nourishment and are crucial for the growth and maintenance of your body. But the problem is that the human body cannot make these nutrients on its own. They have to be incorporated into your body by the proper intake of food.

The nutritionist advocates that there are two broad categories of nutrients- macronutrients and micronutrients. Macronutrients include carbohydrate, protein, and fat while micronutrients mostly include vitamin and minerals. Macronutrients are eaten in large amount while micronutrients are required in small quality by the body.

Types of Nutrients Required by Your Body

Here is the list of 5 essential nutrients which are required for your body to remain healthy and disease-free.


Though carbohydrate is sometimes termed as “unhealthy” or “fattening,” they are vital for the proper functioning of your body. This form of food breaks down into glucose and provides the primary source of fuel for your brain and body. They also preserve your muscle by preventing the breakdown of proteins to meet your energy requirement. Complex carbohydrate source of food like oatmeal, brown rice, whole-wheat bread takes an extended period to break down and keeps you fuller for a longer duration of time.


Proteins are vital for your body as they help in the formation of muscles and create new enzymes and hormones. Proteins are made up of amino acids which are again composed of smaller building blocks called peptides. There are 9 essential amino acids like histidine, lysine, valine, threonine, etc which cannot be produced by human body. You can include protein in your diet in the form of fish, eggs, beans, soy, nuts, etc.


Fats are also essential for your body as they help in the absorption of certain vitamins and protect your vital body organs from damage. Fats are of different categories like unsaturated fat, saturated fat, Trans fats, etc. Unsaturated fat is right for your body since it protects your heart, on the other hand, trans fat significantly increases your heart risk and should be avoided carefully. The healthy sources of fats include nuts, olive oil, salmon, flaxseeds, etc.


Vitamins are essential for your body to wade off diseases and to remain healthy. There are 13 essential vitamins required by your body which includes vitamins A, C, D, E, K and vitamin B complex. Vitamins also lower the risk of cancer as they are powerful antioxidants. Vitamin C is essential to boost your immunity. Vitamins are mainly present in fruits and vegetables.


Minerals are another category of micronutrients which are important for building strong teeth and bones and regulating your metabolism. Common minerals include iron, calcium, zinc, etc. Calcium can also help in nerve signal transmission along with the formation of strong bones. Iron is essential for the formation of red blood cells. Minerals are also available in milk, fruits, and vegetables.


So, these were the 5 essential nutrients required by your body. The nutrients are essential for the proper functioning of the body and boosting your immunity. They are broadly classified into two categories- macronutrients and micronutrients. Macronutrients include carbohydrate, protein, and fat while micronutrients include vitamins and minerals. Include them regularly in your diet.


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author avatar Abhilash Tyagi
Hi, I am Abhilash Tyagi and I love to read and write about new technology trends, health, energy and travel.

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