Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity

maftab92 By maftab92, 30th Jun 2010 | Follow this author | RSS Feed
Posted in Wikinut>Health>Mind & Spirit>ADHD & ADD

Attention Deficit Disorder with hyperactivity (ADHD) is a common problem. Children with ADHD are usually get neglected by their parents and teachers. Usually it is considered to be a simple behavioral problem and not handled seriously. ADHD is not a behavioral problem rather a serious condition, which can cause many problems in the long run.

ADHD


According to DSM-IV (Diagnostic and statistical Manual of psychiatric disorders), Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity (ADHD) is diagnosed when a child shows six (or more) of either Inattention or Hyperactivity/Impulsivity Symptoms. These symptoms must have persisted for at least 6 months and causing the child to experience problems at home and school.
1) Inattention
• Often fails to give close attention to details or makes careless mistakes in homework, work, or other activities
• Often has difficulties sustaining attention in tasks or play activities
• Often does not seem to listen when spoken to directly
• Often does not follow through instructions and fails to finish schoolwork, chores, or duties in the workplace (not due to oppositional behavior or failure to understand instructions)
• Often has difficulties organizing tasks and activities
• Often avoids, dislikes or is reluctant to engage in tasks that require sustained mental efforts
• Often loses things necessary for tasks or activities (e.g. toys, school assignments, pencils, books)
• Is often easily distracted by extraneous stimuli
• Is often forgetful in daily activities
2) Hyperactivity/Impulsivity
Hyperactivity
• Often fidgets with hands or feet or squirms in seat
• Often leaves seat in classroom or in other situations in which remaining seated is expected
• Often runs about or climbs excessively in situations in which it is inappropriate (in adolescents or adults, may be limited to subjective feelings of restlessness)
• Often has difficulty playing or engaging in leisure activities quietly
• Is often "on the go" or often acts as if "driven by a motor"
• Often talks excessively
Impulsivity
• Often blurts out answers before questions have been completed
• Often has difficulty awaiting turn
• Often interrupt or intrudes on others (e.g. butts into conversations or games)
Causes of ADHD
There are a number of causes of ADHD supported by scientific research including genetics reasons, ingestion of toxic substances, brain injury and sensitivity to certain food.
Psychological Assessment
It is strongly recommended to seek professional help and the first step is to get the assessment done. If the child is diagnosed with ADHD then the child needs treatment immediacy.
Treatment
Ritalin is considered to be the drug of choice in case of ADHD. But we need to remember that Ritalin is a Class II narcotic, very much similar in chemical composition and function to both amphetamines and cocaine. Ritalin is an addictive medicine, which can cause severe withdrawal symptoms. It has many side-effects, some of which may be permanent. Ritalin can cause suicidal depression, neurological disorders, epilepsy, drug abuse and dependence.
Alternative Remedies
1. Omega 3 fish oil/fatty acids: has proven to be an excellent alternative of Ritalin.
2. No more junk food: help your child on junk/addictive foods.
3. Behavior modification: to reinforce the child’s positive behavior.

Tags

Adhd, Adhd And Many Other Conditions, Adhd Treatment

Meet the author

author avatar maftab92
I am a clinical psychologist from Pakistan. I am running my own clinic to help people overcome psychological problems.

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