Caring for the Sick

joeldgreat By joeldgreat, 9th Nov 2010 | Follow this author | RSS Feed | Short URL http://nut.bz/ka4wge0w/
Posted in Wikinut>Health>Home Remedies

When there is illness in the family it is important to know how to make the patient comfortable, what diet to prepare and what to do while the doctor has not arrived.

Sickness in the family.

Caring for the sick and older members of the family is not only a responsibility but also a privilege for young ones to show their love and affection for the family members. It is important to learn some basic rules and tips on what to do when someone is sick or when there is an old member in the family. When there is illness in the family it is important to know how to make the patient comfortable, what diet to prepare and what to do while the doctor has not arrived.

Making the patient comfortable.

Provide loose and comfortable clothing. Loose cottons are preferable to other fabrics. They give warmth and comfort to the wearer. Place the patient in a quiet, clean, and orderly room. Children should be kept away from the sick. Moderate lighting, proper ventilation, and a lot of fresh air are needed. Provide enough attention and encouragement to cheer-up the patient. Tell humorous stories. Fresh flowers help cheer-up the atmosphere. Clean and comfortable bedding adds comfort to the patient. Straighten the bedding and fluff the pillows when needed.

Preparing the diet of a sick person.

Follow the doctor’s advice on what diet to prepare. Choose foods prescribe by the doctor. Cook the food the way the patient likes it. Encourage the patient to eat. Diet always poses a problem because ill persons do not have the appetite to eat. Place food attractively on a tray. It may encourage the patient to eat. Serve food that consist mostly of soft-boiled or hard-boiled eggs, biscuits, milk, fruits and fruit juices, boiled or cooked-rice, fish (usually broiled), and boiled vegetables. Follow what the doctor recommended- liquid, soft or light diet, depending on the illness.

While the doctor has not arrived.

Ask the patient what he or she fells. Is there pain? Where? Take his or her temperature. Shake the thermometer to bring down the mercury. Wipe it with alcohol. Place it under his or her tongue and let it stay there for at least three minutes. Remove and read the number where the tip of the mercury stops. Record it. These observations can help the doctor in diagnosing the patient.

After the doctor has seen the patient.

Keep him or her comfortable. If he or she feels cold, give him or her a warm blanket. If he or she has a fever, give him or her cool clothing. Keep the patient clean. Give him/her a sponge bath. Change his/her clothing; keep his/her beddings clean. In almost all type of illness, sufficient liquid such water, fruit juice, tea, or sup is good for the patient. Give him/her plenty of this.

Some signs of illness are redness or paleness of the skin, pain, dizziness, nausea, weakness of the senses, listlessness, headache, coughing, and lack of appetite, sleeplessness, and irritability. Signs of serious illness are,

1. hemorrhage or continuous flow of blood
2. continuous vomiting
3. difficulty in breathing
4. weakening
5. diarrhea
6. continuous pain in the stomach
7. high fever that runs from 4 to 4 days
8. patient becoming thin
9. blood in the urine
10. wounds that do not heal
11. patient cannot take in liquid
12. change in the color of the skin and eyes

When any of these signs continue to appear, consult a doctor immediately or better still, take the patient to the hospital.

Tags

Doctor Checkups, Family Health, Family Members, Health Problem, Responsibilities, Responsibility Of Family Members, Sick People, Sickness, Signs Of Sickness

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