Different Types of bleeding

chris cleary By chris cleary, 4th Apr 2011 | Follow this author | RSS Feed
Posted in Wikinut>Health>First Aid

Ok we have covered our ABC's S.A.M.P.L.E now it's time to cover some of the injuries you might encounter. I have also included the different types of bleeding, and the scale of urgency attached to each type. But again remember you always must protect yourself
scene safety and GLOVES GLOVES GLOVES, did I say gloves.

Types of bleeding you might encounter

Bleeding


DEFINITION

Escape or loss of blood from the body

TYPES


External bleeding

Internal bleeding

Types Of Blood Vessels

ARTERIES

VEINS

CAPILLARIES

HYGIENE & PROTECTION

Cover any exposed wounds with a dressing

Do not touch infected wounds or potentially infected
material (eg. Dressings) with bare hands

After administering First Aid - soak clothes in cold
water for at least 60 minutes then machine wash using
hot water and detergent
Clean contaminated surfaces with strong bleach
solution.
Treat all people equally-assume all are infectious

Wash hands thoroughly with soap & water and dry

Wash hands after dressing an open wound

Wear disposable gloves whenever possible

Change gloves for each casualty

Change gloves if torn during treatment

Avoid touching an open wound

ALWAYS REMEMBER!

If you are splashed with blood or bodily fluids or come
into contact with them, wash thoroughly with soap &
water

If your lips, mouth, tongue, eyes or broken skin come into contact with blood or bodily fluids, wash thourouly

If your skin is punctured by a sharp object that
may be contaminated, wash thoroughly with
soap & running water
If any of these incidents occur, seek medical advice promptly!


External Bleeding Causes

Sharp objects - knives, tools

Fractures – open

External physical blow – trauma

Recognition features

Wound and obvious bleeding

Bruising and swelling

Pale, cold and clammy skin

Other signs of shock may develop

Possible loss of consciousness

TREATMENT

Aim: Control bleeding
Prevent infection
Minimize effects of shock
Apply direct pressure to wound
Elevate affected limb / area
Apply sterile dressing and secure it with a
bandage
Reassure the casualty

INTERNAL BLEEDING

Causes

Spontaneously due to disease
- stomach ulcers, tumours, women’s
reproductive disorders

Fractures – closed

Penetrating Wounds
Recognition features

Pain
Swelling
Bruising
Possible escape of blood from body orifices
Signs of shock may develop
Level of consciousness may deteriorate
Body Orifices Origin of Bleeding
Mouth Lungs/Digestive system
Ears Inner ear/Head injury
Nose Ruptured vessel/Brain
Anus Anus/Bowel
Urethra Kidneys/Bladder
Vagina Uterus/injury to vagina

TREATMENT

Aim: Minimize effects of shock
Lay casualty down and elevate legs
Monitor ABC and levels of consciousness
Keep warm
Do not give anything to eat or drink
Reassure the casualty
Try to keep a note of the type, color and amount of any blood loss from body orifices

Nose Bleeds
Occur when a blood vessel (capillary) in the nostril is ruptured

Management

Sit casualty down with head tilted well forward
Pinch the fleshy part of the nose, just below the bridge (bone) - for 10 minutes
Ask casualty to breathe through his/her mouth, Tell casualty not to cough, spit, sniff or blow the nose.
Monitor the Airway

Wounds
Types: Incision
Laceration
Abrasion
Contusion
Puncture
Avulsion
Amputation

Amputation Definition

Partial or complete severance of a limb or part of a limb
Management
Apply direct pressure to injured part
Elevate affected limb
Apply a sterile dressing to injured part and secure with a bandage
Reassure the casualty
treat for shock

Amputated part
Wrap amputated part with a non fluffy sterile dressing
Place it in a sealed plastic bag
Place the sealed plastic bag in another plastic bag full of ice
Mark the package with casualty’s name and time of injury

Crush Injuries

Casualty crushed less than 10 minutes
Reassure the casualty
Release the casualty as quickly as possible
Control any bleeding and cover wounds
Secure and support any suspected fractures
Examine & observe for signs of internal bleeding and shock - Treat
Note duration of crushing and time released

Dial 999/EMTs/or Ambulance depending on country

Casualty crushed more than 10 minutes
DO NOT RELEASE THE CASUALTY!
Reassure and stay with the casualty

Dial 999/EMTs/or Ambulance depending on country

Tags

Amputation, Arterial Bleeding, Bleeding, Gloves, Nosebleed, Scene Safety, Venial Bleeding

Meet the author

author avatar chris cleary
Hi there I am a firefighter, and based in a small County in Ireland. I have been a firefighter now for 25 years. My other interests are quading reading, diving, and of course computing.

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Comments

author avatar Denise O
5th Apr 2011 (#)

Good info my friend. Thank you for sharing.:)

Reply to this comment

author avatar chris cleary
5th Apr 2011 (#)

cheers for your kind words as always :)

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