Durian - "King of fruit"

P.D. Padmasiri By P.D. Padmasiri, 3rd Sep 2011 | Follow this author | RSS Feed | Short URL http://nut.bz/3.ds5ye6/
Posted in Wikinut>Health>Diet & Nutrition

Widely known and revered in southeast Asia as the "King of fruits", the edible flesh emits a distinctive odour, strong and penetrating even when the husk is intact. Some people regard the durian as fragrant; others find the aroma overpowering and offensive.

History at a glance

The Durian, native to Brunei, Indonesia and Malaysia, has been known to the Western world for about 600 years. The 19th-century British naturalist Alfred Russel Wallace famously described its flesh as "a rich custard highly flavoured with almonds". The flesh can be consumed at various stages of ripeness, and it is used to flavour a wide variety of savoury and sweet edibles in Southeast Asian cuisines. The seeds can also be eaten when cooked.

Edible flesh

The edible flesh emits a distinctive odour, strong and penetrating even when the husk is intact. Some people regard the durian as fragrant; others find the aroma overpowering and offensive. The penetrating smell evokes reactions from deep appreciation to intense disgust, and has been described variously as almonds, rotten onions, turpentine and gym socks. It is said that the odour has led to the fruit's banishment from certain hotels and public transportation in southeast Asia. The flesh can be consumed at various stages of ripeness, and it is used to flavor a wide variety of savory and sweet edibles in Southeast Asian cuisines. The seeds can also be eaten when cooked. There are 30 recognized Durian species, at least nine of which produce edible fruit.

Consumption of the fruit indoors

The oval, spiny fruits are 6-12" long and can weigh up to 18 pounds. The fruit is known as the "king of fruits" in Asia.Trees can be planted in summer as long as you are willing to water diligently. However, there is a greater chance that the transplanted tree will be damaged or die due to the heat. Try to plant in fall or spring instead if possible. Some businesses even ban the consumption of the fruit indoors.

Flowering, nuts and fruit bearing period

Durian trees are large, growing to 25-50 meters in height depending on the species. The leaves are evergreen, elliptic to oblong and 10-18 centimeters long.Trees can be planted in summer as long as you are willing to water diligently. However, there is a greater chance that the transplanted tree will be damaged or die due to the heat. Try to plant in fall or spring instead if possible. Durian trees have one or two flowering and fruit bearing periods per year, though the timing varies depending on the species, cultivars and also localities. A typical Durian tree can bear fruit after four or five years. The fruit can grow as large as 30 centimetres (12 in) long and 15 centimetres (6 in) in diameter, and it typically weighs one to three kilograms (2 to 7 lb). Its shape ranges from oblong to round, the colour of its husk green to brown, and its flesh pale yellow to red, depending on the species.

Fragrant and aromatic

Some people regard the Durian as fragrant; others find the aroma overpowering and offensive. it is used to flavor a wide variety of savory and sweet edibles in Southeast Asian cuisines. Don't forget to relish your taste buds with Durian, "the King of Fruits".

Photo courtesy: Wikimedia.commons

Tags

Almond, Banishment, Cultivation, Custard, Distinctive, Durian, Edible, Fruit, Local, Odour, Penetrating, Pollination, Sweet, Taxonomist, Unique

Meet the author

author avatar P.D. Padmasiri
I am from Weedagama, Bandaragama, SRI LANKA, HR Manager by profession and have 17 years of experience in my chosen field. I am interested in writing on Buddhism, Spiritual advancement, Nature etc.

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Comments

author avatar Retired
4th Sep 2011 (#)

Informative...thanks for sharing....

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author avatar P.D. Padmasiri
5th Sep 2011 (#)

Thank you very much for the interest in reading this. What a nutritious fruit it is. Best regards

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author avatar Steve Kinsman
4th Sep 2011 (#)

Very interesting. I had never heard of this fruit. I don't think it's available anywhere in America. Thanks for a great share P. D.

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author avatar P.D. Padmasiri
5th Sep 2011 (#)

Thank you very much dear Steve for comments. This fruit is very expensive when compared with other fruits in Sri Lanka during tourist season here. It is so nutritious. Fruits become cheaper in villages. It can be available in large stock in most of our towns and villages. Tell me when you come to Sri Lanka. Best regards

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author avatar juny
4th Sep 2011 (#)

This fruit is very expensive here in our place.
I like it's meaty flesh and just ignore the smell (hahaha)

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author avatar P.D. Padmasiri
7th Sep 2011 (#)

Yes. Durian would probably me expensive in your place. But this fruits are aplenty and piled up here at wayside stalls. Smell and nutrition will never go together. Thank you oballesansano. Best regards

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author avatar Buzz
4th Sep 2011 (#)

It smells as bad but as beautiful as oballesansano. Very true..lol

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author avatar P.D. Padmasiri
7th Sep 2011 (#)

Yes you are correct. Fruit is thorn-covered with bad smell. Both of you can come here to relish its natural goodness. Best regards

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author avatar Sheila Newton
4th Sep 2011 (#)

I love durian. Tasted it for the first time in Kuala Lumpur. My husband spat his out!!! Just shows who's the sexiest in our family!!!!

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author avatar P.D. Padmasiri
7th Sep 2011 (#)

Durian is most nutritious fruit compared with other kind of fruits. Regardless of its bad smell, people tend to relish its natural goodness during the season. Best regards Sheila

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author avatar Mark Gordon Brown
4th Sep 2011 (#)

I had it once but I think it was old.

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author avatar P.D. Padmasiri
7th Sep 2011 (#)

Season is on for Durian, available now in large stocks at wayside stalls. It is not that expensive in Sri Lanka. Prices invariably change with the beginning of tourist season. Thanks so much for comments. Good Luck, Mark !

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author avatar Delicia Powers
6th Sep 2011 (#)

Very fascinating fruit and article!

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author avatar P.D. Padmasiri
7th Sep 2011 (#)

Thank you very much Delicia. Durian is very nutritious and only its natural goodness matters me most. Best regards

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