Functions of the skeleton

chris cleary By chris cleary, 6th Apr 2011 | Follow this author | RSS Feed | Short URL http://nut.bz/17p8hocc/
Posted in Wikinut>Health>First Aid

Closed fracture can become open fracture.
Damage to skin, nerves and tissue.
Increased bleeding and swelling.
Pain and shock.

Treatment of various fractures

Functions of the skeleton

Support
Movement
Protection
Produce blood cells

Definition of a fracture
A fracture is a broken or cracked bone

CAUSES:
Direct force
Indirect force
Muscular action
Disease

S and S of Fractures

S Swelling
p- Pain
l- loss of movement
I -Irregularity
N- Numbness
T- Tenderness
S- Shock

Closed Fractures
Bone is fractured but the surrounding skin is unbroken

Open Fractures
Accompanied by wound, Bone may be protruding

Complicated Fractures
Because it involves major organs;
Nerve Injury
Wound Contamination
Soft tissue injury
Blood vessel damage

Treatment Of Fractures
Monitor vital signs.
Dress all open wounds.
Immobilize using available materials.
Rest / reassure / prevent chilling.
Check circulation distal to fracture site.
Treat for shock
Arrange removal to hospital.
Uncontrolled Movement

Closed fracture can become open fracture.
Damage to skin, nerves and tissue.
Increased bleeding and swelling.
Pain and shock.
Longer rehabilitation.
Greater disability can result from poor. fracture management.

Dislocation
Injury causing the end of a bone to be pulled, or pushed from it’s joint.
Wrist Injuries

Your aims are;
To immobilise the arm
Arrange for removal to hospital


Soft Tissue Injuries

Sprain
occurs at a joint, when ligaments and tissue
around that particular joint, are suddenly torn or
wrenched

Strain
is a partial tearing or over - stretching of a muscle,
often near a joint.

Treatment (Rice)

Rest the injured part.
Apply Ice or cold compress.
Compress the injury.
Elevate the injured part.
IF IN DOUBT - TREAT AS A FRACTURE !

Tags

Blood Cells, Closed Fracture, First Aid, Fracture, Open Fracture, Pain, Shock, Skeleton, Soft Tissue Injury, Sprain, Strain

Meet the author

author avatar chris cleary
Hi there I am a firefighter, and based in a small County in Ireland. I have been a firefighter now for 25 years. My other interests are quading reading, diving, and of course computing.

Share this page

moderator johnnydod moderated this page.
If you have any complaints about this content, please let us know

Comments

author avatar Rathnashikamani
6th Apr 2011 (#)

This writeup is well written with all the essential information about skeleton which one must know in order to give good first aid.

Reply to this comment

author avatar chris cleary
6th Apr 2011 (#)

Thank you so much, I have only just completed my advanced first aid ERF, everything still fresh in the head :)

Reply to this comment

Add a comment
Username
Can't login?
Password