Health Issues on the Rise for Children and Teens

authordeb By authordeb, 1st May 2017 | Follow this author | RSS Feed | Short URL http://nut.bz/35iiuea2/
Posted in Wikinut>Health>General Health>Children's Health

Non-communicable are undeniably the leading cause of death in the world, representing more than half of all annual deaths which include over an estimated one million deaths among adolescent’s that were mainly preventable or treatable causes.

Intro

Most children and teens are healthy but there are still significant numbers when it comes to illness, disease and death. There are number of factors that can hinder adolescents to grow into healthy adult such as diet and lack of physical activity that only threatens their current health but also the health of their future children and generations to come. Promoting a healthy lifestyle and finding ways to protect children and teens health not only while they are growing into adulthood but for years after. (Adolescents: Health Risks and Solutions". World Health Organization)

Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes

The prevalence of type 1 and 2 diabetes among youth is increasing in the United States according to a recent study. This is the first-ever study to estimate trends of newly diagnosed cases of type 1 and type 2 diabetes of youths 0 to 19 years of age. The researchers determined the number of cases of type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus at five study centers in the United States, They found a total of 11,245 youths with type 1 diabetes (0 to 19 years of age) and 2846 with type 2 diabetes (10 to 19 years of age). From 2002 to 2012 new cases of type 1 diabetes increased by 1.8 percent and new cases of type 2 diabetes increased greatly at 4.8 percent. The study included 11,244 youth ages 0-19 with type 1 diabetes and 2,846 youth ages 10-19 with type 2. The researchers concluded the incidences of both type 1 and type 2 diabetes among youths increased significantly in the 2002–2012 period. ("Incidence Trends Of Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes among Youths, 2002–2012 — NEJM". New England Journal of Medicine)

Suicide

Suicide is the third leading cause of death among 10-14 year olds according to the CDC. Researchers from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health examined data from the National Surveys on Drug Use and Health for 2005 to 2014 on national trends in 12-month prevalence of major depressive episodes. Participants included 172 495 adolescents aged 12 to 17 and 178 755 adults aged 18 to 25. Participants were told about symptoms of depression and were asked whether they had experienced them in the prior year. Depression increased from 8.7 percent in 2005 to 11.3 percent in 2014. Among girls the rate increased from 13.1 percent in 2005 to 17.3 percent in 2014. The researchers concluded the prevalence of depression in adolescents and young adults has increased in recent years. In the context of little change in mental health treatments, trends in prevalence translate into a growing number of young people with untreated depression. (“National Trends in the Prevalence and Treatment of Depression in Adolescents and Young Adults” Pediatrics Dec 2016, 138 (6) e20161878; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2016-1878)

Obesity

It’s no secret obesity rates are on the rise especially among children and teens. FAIR Health analyzed data from its database of billions of privately billed healthcare claims to identify trends and patterns from 2011 to 2015 in obesity, type 2 diabetes and other obesity-related conditions in the nation’s privately insured youth. The study found that the increase in weight had a strong impact on youth health and related conditions. Claims filed for type 2 diabetes for those 23 years and younger had increased almost double between 2011 to 2015. Prediabetes increased by 90 percent for preschoolers (3-5) 2011 to 2015. Elementary school students (ages 6-9) and middle school students (ages 10-13) had increases of 80 to 90 percent and 14 to 22 years type 2 increased between 120 and 125 percent. The increase in claims related to other conditions associated with obesity besides diabetes also increased. Hypertension increased by 67 percent. At least one type of sleep apnea linked to obesity rose among children with ages 10-13 with the highest increase 218 percent, ages 14-16 increased 199 percent and ages 3-5 and 6-9 increased by 127 and 190 percent respectively. (FAIR_Health_Obesity_and_Diabetes_White_Paper_Jan_2017.pdf)

Opioid Overdoses

A national survey of adults reporting opioid pain reliever use in the past 12 months and who had children under the age of 18 living with them was conducted by Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. Among the 681adults that completed the survey and had children in the home only 32 percent safely stored the medication. Overdose fatalities almost doubled among those 17 and younger between 1999 and 2015. The 2014 National Survey on Drug Use and Health identified opioids as the second most common illicit drug-use category among 12- to 17-year-olds after marijuana. The researchers also looked at attitude towards medication storage and found 73 percent agreed that children can overdose on opioids more easily than adults. But only 13 percent were concerned about their children getting into their opioid medications. (Safe Storage of Opioid Pain Relievers among Adults Living in Households With Children. Pediatrics, 2017; e20162161 DOI: 10.1542/peds.2016-2161)

ADHD

A new analysis reveals 5.8 million US children ages five to seventeen have a diagnosis of ADHD. Lead researcher Sean D. Cleary, PhD, MPH, an associate professor of epidemiology and biostatistics at Milken Institute School of Public Health (Milken Institute SPH) at the George Washington University and colleges looked at data for trends in parent-reported prevalence of ADHD. Among the findings diagnosis of ADHD increased by 52 percent since 2003. Among girls the rate of ADHD showed an increase from 4.3 percent in 2003 to 7.3 percent in 2011. The reported increase in the diagnosis could be a true increase in the number of ADHD diagnoses or it could be the result of a tendency to over-diagnose the condition noted Cleary.( “Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Parent-Reported Diagnosis of ADHD,” was published online December 8 I, 2015, The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry)

Cyberbullying

Every seven minutes a child is bullied. Only seven percent of US parents are worried about cyberbullying but 33 percent of teenagers have been victims. Among teens of online teens say they have been targets of a range of annoying or potentially menacing online activities. 15 percent of teens overall say someone has forwarded or posted a private message they’ve written, 13 percent say someone has spread a rumor about them online, 13 percent say someone has sent them a threatening or aggressive message, and six percent say someone has posted embarrassing pictures of them online. Cyberbullies spend more time online than other teens overall (38.4 hours compared to 26.8 hours). (http://www.nveee.org/statistics)

A study from the London School of Economics looked at data from LSE EU Kids Online study, a random sample of 25,000 Internet-using European children aged 9-16. Six per cent of the sample reported being a cyber-victim, 2.4 per cent a cyber-bully and 1.7 per cent both (cyber-bully victims). Viewing web content containing self-harm was reported by 6.8 per cent and suicide by 4.3 per cent. 4.1 per cent were classified as having emotional problems, 16.8 per cent behavioral problems and 15.8 per cent had problems in relating to their peers. Rates of emotional problems were higher among cyber victims and cyberbully-victims, rates of peer problems were higher for cyber victims, and rates of conduct problems were higher for all cyberbullying roles. Moreover, the links between cyberbullying role and viewing of suicide-related web content were independent of psychological problems. (Adolescents’ Viewing of Suicide-Related Web Content and Psychological Problems: Differentiating the Roles of Cyberbullying Involvement. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 2016; 19 (8): 502 DOI: 10.1089/cyber.2015.0419)

Parents Concerns

In the 10th annual National Poll on Children’s Health Top 10 survey, adults across the country said bullying, obesity, and drug abuse are the top three health issues facing kids today. Adults also expressed concerns about suicide, depression, stress, and obesity that reflect underlying mental health components. (“2016 List Of Top 10 Children’S Health Issues | National Poll On Children’S Health". Mottnpch.org.)

Tags

Adhd, Children, Cyberbullying, Diabetes, Drug Overdose, Health Problems, Obesity, Parental Concerns, Suicide

Meet the author

author avatar authordeb
Author of the Love and Laughter series
Alternative Medicine Practitioner
Hypnotherapist
Freelance Health Write
Works with Media companies for interviews and articles such as Howie Mandel for Afib,

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