Health and Development

Sgogo By Sgogo, 23rd Aug 2017 | Follow this author | RSS Feed | Short URL http://nut.bz/ci5e00nb/
Posted in Wikinut>Health>Exercise & Fitness

We Can Improve our Health and Well-being Through Physical Activity and Sport.

Introduction

We Can Improve our Health and Well-being Through Physical Activity and Sport.
Physical activity and healthy sports are essential for our health and well being. Appropriate physical activity and sports for all constitute one of the major components of a healthy lifestyle, along with healthy diet, tobacco free life and avoidance of other substances harmful to health.
Available experience and scientific evidence show that the regular practice of appropriate physical activity and sports provides people, male and female, of all ages and conditions, including persons with disability, with wide range of physical, social and mental health benefits. It interacts positively with strategies to improve diet, discourage the use of tobacco, alcohol and drugs, helps reduce violence, enhances functional capacity and promotes social interaction and integration. Physical activity is for an individual; a strong means for prevention of diseases and for nations a cost-effective methods to improve public health across the population

Alarming Global Trend of Physical Inactivity

World wide, more than 60% of adults do not engage in sufficient levels of physical activity which are beneficial to their health. Physical inactivity is more prevalent among women, older adults, individuals from low socio-economic groups, and the disabled. Physical activity also decreases with age during adolescence, and this decline continues throughout the adult years. In many countries, developed and developing, less than one-third of young people are sufficiently active to benefit their present and future health. Female adolescents are less active than male adolescents. Decreasing physical activity and physical education programmes in schools is an alarming trend worldwide

How Much Physical Activity is Needed in Order to Improve and Maintain Health?

Much of the health gain is obtained through of at least 30 minutes of cumulative moderate physical activity every day. This level of activity can be reached through a broad range of appropriate and enjoyable physical activities and body movements in people’s daily lives, such as walking to work, climbing stairs, gardening, dancing, as well as a variety of leisure and recreational sports

Economic Benefits of Physical Activity

Physical Activity for Various Population Groups
Children and Young People
Regular physical activity provides young people with substantial physical, mental and social health benefits. Regular practice of physical activity helps children and young people to build and maintain healthy bones, muscles and joints, helps control body weight, helps reduce fat and develop efficient function of the heart and lungs. It facilitates developing the skills of movement and helps prevent and control the feelings of anxiety and depression.

Conclusion

Physical activity is not merely about individual behaviour. It is a societal problem and demands an integrated evidence-based, population-focused, equity-driven, multisectoral and culturally relevant national policy and programme, supported by a clear and strong political commitment at all levels. Consequently, physical activity must be a part of public policy with regulatory and legislative approaches balanced with education and health promotion.

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