Rabies – the Deadly Infectious Disease.

sukkranStarred Page By sukkran, 5th May 2014 | Follow this author | RSS Feed | Short URL http://nut.bz/1p-h4ehd/
Posted in Wikinut>Health>General Health>Diseases & Infections

Rabies is a dangerous infectious disease. It is transmitted to people through the infected animals, mostly from bites scratches and even simple licks. If a person develops clinical signs of rabies, the disease practically results in death.

The Deadly Disease

Rabies is a deadly disease caused by a "rabies virus" that attacks the human nervous system. The disease is present in nearly all parts of the world, but a huge number of human deaths happen in Asian and African countries (nearly 95%).

Rabies affects domestic and wild animals, and is transmitted to human beings through contact with infected saliva (via bites or scratches). The virus secreted in animal saliva and is transmitted by a bite from the diseased animal. Rarely, rabies virus can spread from a rabid animal's saliva, that comes in contact with an open cut on the skin or the eyes or mouth of a person or animal.

Dogs are the main rabies carrier in Asian and African countries. They are also to blame for the majority of of the human rabies deaths. Mostly, people become infected with rabies through the bite or scratch of an infected dog or cat.

Rabies infections of people following exposure to wild animals are rare. Livestock like horses and cows can become infected with rabies, but even though they could pass the virus to others, this rarely happens.

In developed countries rabies remains mainly in wild animals. In the past, bat rabies have developed as a public health problem in the Americas and Europe. In the year 2003, a lot of people in South America died from this disease following contact with Bats.

Rabies Symptoms

The rabies infect the nerves, finally leading to infection in the brain and loss of life. The first symptom of rabies on people is comparable to that of several other illnesses, such as fever, migraine, and general weakness or irritability. When the infection advances, a lot of severe indications come out, like sleeping disorders, anxiety, confusion, minor or partial paralysis, hallucinations, irritation, over salivation, problems in swallowing, and hydrophobia (afraid of water).

In the acute stage, indications of hyperactivity or paralysis shown. The partial paralysis progresses in to total paralysis, resulted by coma and death in all cases, usually due to breathing stoppage. Rabies may show panic, self-mutilation, or greater sensitivity to light. Without intensive treatment, death happens during the first week of sickness.

Rabid Animal

The greater part of rabies cases reported each year occurs through wild animals and home animals like dogs, cats etc.. Most of these animals with rabies may show several of the indications, like anxiety, too much salivation, problem in swallowing, shocking, and seizures.

The affected animals may expose strange behavior (an animal that is normally seen after dark may find roaming in the daylight). Warning signs include frothing at the mouth area, cruel behavior, personality changes and convulsions which mostly conclude in aggravation, difficult and blurry vision.

In addition to those symptoms seen in dogs and cats, horses, cattle, sheep, and goats. If you come to pass upon an animal showing any of these signs and abnormal activities, go away from it and call your nearest Animal welfare Department at once. An attack from a rabid-dog or other animal claims some one's life in the developing world every 10 minutes.

Rabies Prevention

Efficient and effective vaccines are available to avert rabies in animals, and in humans before and after a supposed viral attack. Vaccination of house animals, mostly pet dogs, and wildlife has brought about reducing rabies in several developed and developing countries.

However, recent rises in human rabies deaths in South America and regions of Africa and Asia example that rabbis are re-emerging as a serious public health problem. The most economical method for preventing rabies is by eliminating rabies in domestic pets by way of animal vaccines.

Insufficient awareness of the effectiveness and possibilities of this protection approach slows abolition of human cases. Considering several countries – for example Japan and Malaysia – removal of rabies in dogs can stop virus transmissions to people as well as other animals. Reduce human rabies through protecting household dogs from rabies is an aim for significant areas of Africa and Asia.

Rabies Vaccination.

Successful rabies vaccines are available for pets, cattle. Vaccination of cats and dogs is important. In the meantime vaccination is a protective barrier between the owners and the pet animals. Protect them from threatening of wild animals with which the pets might have contact.

The indoor animals must also be vaccinated. These pets may have contacts with other outdoor animals. The household animals being unintentionally let go for the outdoors. There is a chance that wild animals such as bats getting into the house. So, vaccinations must have executed to the pet animals by a veterinarian.

The first and booster shots of vaccination should have needed recommendations from veterinarians and local animal laws. Ensure your pets are up-to-date on rabies shots. Vaccinations are also obtainable for cattle.

The high performance of animal vaccines is the primary reason for the worldwide decline in rabies cases among individuals and household animals.

  • Always keep your pets under your control; do not allow them to run loose.
  • Go away from stray pets and wild animals; do not keep wild animals as pets.
  • Report health care official about animals, stray pets which showing abnormal behavior.

Vaccination After Exposure

Someone who has bitten by a suspected animal, or who otherwise may have exposed to rabies, should wash the wound and see a Doctor immediately. The doctor will decide if they need to vaccinate.

Anyone who got animal bite and has not been vaccinated should get rabies vaccine immediately. They should also get Rabies Immune Globulin, an extra shot at the same time on the first dose.

Any person who has been already vaccinated should have obtained 2 shots of rabies vaccine – one immediately and the second on the 3rd day. The Rabies Immune Globulin is not required.

The Precautionary Rabies Vaccination:

Doses, provided at the following times:

  • Dose 1: Immediately
  • Dose 2: 7 days after Dose 1
  • Dose 3: 21 days or 28 days after Dose 1

By and large, women who are pregnant are generally advised to keep away from rabies vaccinations. The vaccine is only recommended if the potential risk of rabies is high and there is limited access to medical treatment.

Rabies In Humans is on the Rise - Vid

Photo Credit to Flickr - Used Under CC License:

Rabies Infection
Rabid Dog
Rabies Prevention
Rabies Vaccination
The Deadly Disease

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Tags

Infected Animals, Infectious Disease, Rabid, Rabid Animal, Rabies, Rabies Immune Globulin, Rabies Prevention, Rabies Symptoms, Rabies Vaccine, Rabies Virus, Wild And Domestic Animals

Meet the author

author avatar sukkran
I am sukkran aka sukkran trichy, from Trichy, India. I am an online writer, blogger, writing for many publishing platforms.

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Comments

author avatar C.D. Moore
6th May 2014 (#)

Informative and well written article.Thankfully there is no rabies where I live,but we are the minority I'm sure.

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author avatar sukkran
9th May 2014 (#)

yes you are lucky. many developed nations skillfully overcome this danger. But, there are many asian and ffrican countries facing this threat. thanks c.d.

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author avatar M G Singh
7th May 2014 (#)

very nice post. In India something must be done about stray dogs which are multiplying

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author avatar sukkran
9th May 2014 (#)

yes, you are correct madan. thanks for your comment

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author avatar Fern Mc Costigan
7th May 2014 (#)

Interesting indeed, many though that this disease has disappeared but that's a negative

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author avatar sukkran
9th May 2014 (#)

still it is a major threatening issue in underdeveloped countries. thanks fern

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author avatar cnwriter..carolina
7th May 2014 (#)

oh dear intersting yes but such a horrible happening...

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author avatar sukkran
9th May 2014 (#)

thanks carolina

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author avatar Randhir Bechoo
7th May 2014 (#)

Very informative and well written.

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author avatar sukkran
9th May 2014 (#)

thank you randhir.

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