Stop and listen to your heart before it's too late

spgreaneyStarred Page By spgreaney, 14th Jun 2013 | Follow this author | RSS Feed
Posted in Wikinut>Health>General Health>Women's Health

Your heart is a vital organ which keeps you alive by pumping oxygen and nutrients around your body. If it's not keep in tip top shape, then you could suffer angina, a stroke or a heart attack.

Know The Facts

A study carried out by the European Heart Network in 2012 found that Cardio Vascular Disease kills 4 million people in Europe each year. It is the main cause of death in woman in Europe. Obesity, alcohol, smoking and an unhealthy diet are big issues in relation to Cardio Vascular Disease. While many people are adopting a healthy lifestyle enough is still not being done to stop the problem. In the United States the CDC (Centre for Disease Control) found that 600,000 people die from heart disease each year.


Cardio Vascular Disease consists of any problems relating to the heart and the vessels that carry the blood around the body. Atherosclerosis is the term which is used to describe the process where the blood vessels start to narrowed down or become completely blocked which can then affect the transport of blood to the heart. When a blockage then occurs in these vessels which transport vital oxygen and nutrient to the body and the brain it becomes a serious matter.


CARDIAC REHABILATION CENTRE
Now many countries offer a Cardiac Rehabilitation centre which offers a caring environment to sufferers of heart attacks, patients who have had stints put in and people who have had bypass surgery done. The purpose of rehabilitation is to ensure that the patient has :

• Information to prevent it happening again
• Improve their outlook and attitude on their health
• Inform them on the importance of a healthy lifestyle in the future
• Educate them and their family on this condition

What is a Stroke?

A stroke occurs when a blood vessel in your brain gets blocked. This is called thrombus. The second way a stroke can occur is when a clot forms in the brain or in another part of the body and it then travel up to the brain. This is referred to as embolus.

There are two types of strokes. The first type is referred to as an Ischemic stroke and occurs when there is a blockage in the blood vessels. The second one is called a Hemorrhagic stroke and occurs when a blood vessel ruptures in the body.

A Transient Ischemic Attack is a temporary clot in a blood vessel. This is often called a mini-stroke and is the first warning signs of a serious underlying condition.

Warning Signs of a Stroke

A person who suffers a stroke will experience a loss of speech or even suffer slurred speech. Their face can drop to one side and they could also lose function on one side of their body. Knowing the warning signs of a stroke could ensure that if you witness someone having one, you can immediately notify emergencies services.

What is Angina?

Angina is a sign that something is wrong with your heart. Angina is also caused by a blockage or part blockage in the blood vessels and when the heart doesn't get the blood, this is its way of sending a message that something is wrong.

Warning Signs of Angina

When someone is suffering from angina they will experience a sharp pain which feels like a burning or squeezing pain in the chest area. It should not be ignored and if you experience it, you should stop what you are doing and seek medical attention. Medication is prescribed for a patient suffering from angina. There are four types of angina.

• Stable: most common type of angina.
• Unstable : can occur when you least expect it, very unpredictable.
• Variant : occurs when you are resting, most likely at night time and it can be severe.
• Microvascular : is considered very severe and can last a lot longer than the others.

Test For Angina: ECG and Coronary Angiogram

There are two types of test carried out to determine if it is angina that you have.

TEST ONE
When you do an ECG (Exercise electrocardiogram) you will be asked to walk on a treadmill while being hooked up to machine that will monitor your heart activity. The exercise level will be increased over a period of time to measure the impact that the activity has on the heart. When the patient starts to feels pain and the machines reading pattern changes, this will confirm to the medical personnel present that something is up.

TEST TWO
A Coronary Angiogram could also be carried to determine if something serious is happening to your heart. This test involves the doctor putting a tiny tube into an artery via your groin to access your heart. Dye is then injected into the artery and an X-ray will be carried out. The dye make the X-ray image clearer to view and will show up any discrepancies.

What is a Heart Attack?

A heart attack occurs when a person's arteries which carry the blood supply to their heart get blocks. If the blockages increases and overtime it is not detected the person will then experience a heart attack. Contributing factors that lead to a heart attack is smoking, alcohol, eating foods which contain high fat contents. Foods that are high in cholesterol are also not considered to be good.

Warning Signs of a Heart Attack

• Chest pains
• Shortness of breath
• Discomfort in your upper body (pain spreading from neck out to shoulder, arms, and wrists)

If you experience any of these pains, it is vital that treatment is immediately sought from a qualified medical professional

How to Clear A Blocked Artery: Angioplasty or By-pass surgery

An angioplasty is a procedure where a catheter (fine hollow tube) is inserted into the artery which is affected with the build-up of what they called plaque. (This is what blocks the artery). At the tip of this tube there is a tiny balloon. This balloon is then inflated and deflated a few times. The result is that it will eradicate the plaque that has built up. Once this is cleared the artery will allow blood to flow through it again.

If an angioplasty is not an option, then a By-pass must be carried out. A by-pass involves removing an artery from either your chest or leg area. This artery is then used to create a new route for the blood supply into the heart. You might often hear people saying that they had a bypass or even a triple by-pass. It's the same procedure that they had done, it just happened to be carried out more than once.

Understanding Blood Pressure Reading

There are two reading taken when you get your blood pressure monitored by your doctor. They are referred to as the systolic reading and the diastolic reading. The systolic reading is the top number and this relates to the blood pressure in regards to the pumping of the blood. The diastolic reading relates to the time period when the heart is at rest and is refilling with blood.


Blood pressure readings can vary from day to day and week to week. Keeping a diary with your blood pressure readings is a better way of getting a gauge on your correct reading. While doctors always take your blood pressure when you visit their surgery usually it ends up giving a normal reading. Stressful situations and upset in your life can all affect your reading.

Watch Your Health

Monitoring your blood pressure is a good way to keep a check on your health. Also it can help prevent heart attacks and future health problems. It is a key factor in identifying that that your body is not in tip top shape and that you need to take some sort of action. It might require you having to go on medication and/or changing your diet indefinitely.

Tags

Angiogram, Angioplasty, Attack, Blood, Blood Pressure, Blood Vessel, By-Pass, Cardiovascular Diseases, Coronary, Diet, Disease, Ecg, Heart, Ischemic, Stroke, Strokes, Transient

Meet the author

author avatar spgreaney
I come from a business background. Among my many passions is writing which I love to do when I have some free time.

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Comments

author avatar cnwriter..carolina
18th Jun 2013 (#)

fascinating and a little frightening too but always so important to put the facts out...thank you spgreaney...

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author avatar Sivaramakrishnan A
18th Jun 2013 (#)

Very lucidly written, thank you for this useful share - siva

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author avatar spgreaney
18th Jun 2013 (#)

@ cnwriter, I know it's scary but a fact of life. Thanks for your comment.

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author avatar spgreaney
18th Jun 2013 (#)

@ Sivaramakrishnan A, thank you. I appreciate your feedback.

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author avatar Penny W-T
20th Jun 2013 (#)

A very useful refeence page for all of us to take note. Clear and understandable - thank you

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author avatar Carol
20th Jun 2013 (#)

This is vital and interesting info, many thanks

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author avatar spgreaney
21st Jun 2013 (#)

@ Penny W-T, thanks for your comment. I think having all the information available make understanding things easier.


@ Carol, glad you found it interesting. Thanks for stopping by.

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author avatar richardpeeej
9th Aug 2013 (#)

Some good points here..spgreaney. I often wonder if I should get checked out myself ....

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author avatar spgreaney
15th Aug 2013 (#)

Thanks richardpeeej, I think a lot of us should do that.

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