Surrogacy - An overview

edumate By edumate, 4th Oct 2012 | Follow this author | RSS Feed
Posted in Wikinut>Health>General Health>Fertility & Reproductive Health

Surrogacy is a kind of agreement in which a woman takes the responsibility of bearing and giving birth to a child for another couple or person.

Facts about surrogacy

There are basically two types of surrogacy; one is called the genetic surrogacy (also called traditional surrogacy) and the other one is gestational surrogacy. In the first case the woman is the child’s genetic mother, the child is conceived by means of artificial insemination using fresh or frozen sperm or impregnated through IUI (intrauterine insemination) or ICI (intracervical insemination), to be performed at clinics whereas in the second case the woman carries the embryo transferred to her uterus, from pregnancy till delivery, to which she has no genetic bond whatsoever.


If the woman is recompensed for bearing the labour (besides medical and other allied expenses) the arrangement is called commercial surrogacy but otherwise if no exchange of money is involved it is called an altruistic surrogacy.
The possible causes for opting for surrogacy may be homosexuality, female infertility, or other medical issues which may make pregnancy impossible or risky or unwanted. It may also be undesirability of the intended mother who would not like to experience the hassles of pregnancy, labour or delivery. A single man or woman may also go for a surrogacy with the hope of getting his / her own biological child. As the process of adoption is somewhat cumbersome and involves a lot of legal obligation , surrogacy is slowly gaining grounds.
Controversy revolves around the future relationship of the surrogate and the child. It is assumed from psychological point of view that a woman would develop a bonding with the child she has given birth to. The laws regarding surrogacy vary from country to country.

In the United States , the issue of surrogacy was exposed in the case of Baby M, in which the surrogate and biological mother of Melissa Stern (”Baby M”), born in 1986, refused to relinquish custody of Melissa to the couple although she had made a surrogacy contract with them . The courts of New Jersey found that Mary Beth Whitehead was the child’s legal mother and declared contracts for surrogate motherhood illegal and invalid. However, in the best interests of the infant the court finally conferred custody of Melissa to her biological father William Stern and his wife Elizabeth Stern, instead of her surrogate mother Mary Beth Whitehead.

The Supreme Court of India has documented commercial surrogacy as legal. India is now a pioneer in international surrogacy and a popular destination in surrogacy-related medical tourism because of the comparatively low cost, easy availability and retention of female surrogates. Including the costs of flight tickets, medical procedures and hotels, it comes to roughly a third of the price compared with going through the procedure in the UK. The Honourable Supreme Court has passed judgement that the child born through the process of surrogacy will have the citizenship of his/her surrogate mother.

Tags

Adoption, Altruistic Surrogacy, Artificial, Baby M, Biological Mother, Child, Conceive, Frozen, General Surrogacy, Genetic, Gestational, Homosexuality, India, Infertility, Insemination, Legal, Medical Problem, Medical Tourism, Mother, Pregnancy, Sperm, Supreme Court, Surrogacy, Surrogate Mother, Traditional Surrogacy, Uterus

Meet the author

author avatar edumate
Writing is my passion and I have been writing from a very young age. I have done my masters in English, Journalism & Mass Communication and Business administration.

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Comments

author avatar M G Singh
4th Oct 2012 (#)

Surrogacy is fraught with risks. Good points made

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author avatar Sivaramakrishnan A
5th Oct 2012 (#)

Much emotions in the whole process and my heart goes out to all involved. Every life is precious and even divine. Let us keep creation going and not drop the baton! siva

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author avatar Md Rezaul Karim
5th Oct 2012 (#)

Interesting topic and nicely written article. Thank you for sharing.

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author avatar Denise O
11th Oct 2012 (#)

I just have so much respect for those that do this for others, that can not have a child of their own. Great info. Thank you for sharing.:)

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