The Clinical Significance Of The Complications Of Hypertension To Man

Funom MakamaStarred Page By Funom Makama, 20th Mar 2014 | Follow this author | RSS Feed
Posted in Wikinut>Health>General Health>Diseases & Infections

Undiscovered, untreated or badly managed hypertension can affect various organs in the body resulting to complications in the brain, heart, kidney, eyes, arteries and even sudden death.

Complications Of Hypertension

Complications which arise are as follows:
Brain: causing stroke

Heart: causing heart attack or heart failure

Kidney: causing kidney failure

Arteries: causing peripheral artery disease
Sudden death.


Stroke (sometimes called “brain attack”) is a sudden neurological deficit of vascular origin which leads to death or persists for greater than 24 hours. It occurs when the blood supply to the part of the brain is suddenly interrupted (ischemic) or when the blood vessel in the brain bursts, spilling blood into the spaces surrounding the brain cells (hemorrhagic).

This can cause part of the brain to be damaged and the individual affected may lose control of a function that is controlled by that part of the brain. The damage can be temporary or permanent, partial or complete. It seems to run in some families as well. Family members may have a genetic tendency for stroke or share a lifestyle that contributes to stroke. Stroke is a sudden, severe and devastating attack but the conditions or risk factors that lead to stroke develop over many years.

Types Of Stroke

There are four main types of stroke:
Cerebral Thrombosis: It is the most common type of brain attack. It occurs when a blood clot (thrombosis) forms and blocks blood flow in an artery leading to the brain. Arteries affected by atherosclerosis are more susceptible to blood clots. Most often, it occurs at night or first thing in the morning and then preceded by a transient ischemic attack (TIA) or ‘mini stroke’.

Cerebral embolism: This occurs when a wandering clot (embolus) or some other particle forms in a blood vessel away from the brain- usually in the heart. The clot then travels and lodges in an artery in the brain.

Cerebral Hemorrhages: This occurs when a defective artery in the brain bursts usually due to high pressure.

Subarachnoid Hemorrhage: This occurs when a blood vessel on the surface of the brain ruptures and bleeds into the space between the brain and the skull. Cerebral thrombosis and cerebral embolism are the most common types of brain attacks, accounting for about 70 to 80% of all strokes.

For more interesting and very important health related and medical articles, click on the links below
1. General Considerations, Clinical And Medical Classifications Of Anemia
2. Heart Failure: Definition, Detailed Causes And Precipitating Factors Of Cardiac Failure
3. Special Investigations In Cardiology II: The Significance Of Echocardiography
4. Clinical Significance And Health Importance On The Actions Of Adrenocorticotropic Hormone (ACTH) On The Adrenal Cortex

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author avatar cnwriter..carolina
21st Mar 2014 (#)

oh dear Funom how wonderful that you share so much with us..

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author avatar wonder
21st Mar 2014 (#)

Some details which I did not know.Thanks.

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author avatar Funom Makama
21st Mar 2014 (#)

You are welcome my dear friends...

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author avatar Funom Makama
22nd Mar 2014 (#)

These scammers will not seize to amaze me... I will leave this message here for everyone to see and know who you are!

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