The Psychiatric Significance Of Phobic Reactions As Psychoneurotic Problems

Funom Makama By Funom Makama, 14th Mar 2014 | Follow this author | RSS Feed
Posted in Wikinut>Health>Mind & Spirit>Phobias

Phobia is a fear of some object or a particular situation which does not necessarily pose any actual danger. The individuals suffering from phobic reaction often recognize the irrational nature of the fear but are unable to help themselves.

The most common Phobia People May Have

Acrophobia: Fear of high places.
Agoraphobia: fear of open or public places
Aichmophobia: Fear of sharp or pointed objects
Algophobia: Fear of pains
Anthropophobia: Fear of men or a particular man
Astraphobia: Fear of thunder, lightning or storms
Claustrophobia: Fear of closed small or closed places
Gynephobia: Fear of women or particular woman
Hematophobia: Fear of blood
Hydrophobia: Fear of water
Monophobia: Fear of being alone
Nycrophobia: Fear of darkness or fear of night
Ochlophobia: Fear of crowds
Pathophobia: Fear of disease or some particular disease
Pyrophobia: Fear of fire
Thanatophobia: Fear of death
Toxiphobia: Fear of poisons (or of being poisoned)
Zoophobia: Fear of animals (or some particular animal).

Phobia reactions may range from imitating concern to serious distresses and attacks of extreme anxiety. Such individuals may also exhibit physical symptoms ranging from pains to nausea, to dizziness and even develop skin rashes. Sometimes, the reaction may be deep anxiety and fear.

Causes Of Phobic Reactions

Phobic reactions may be caused by sudden traumatic experiences in an individual’s early life; displacement of anxiety in which the feared object is symbolic of a certain experience of event which the individual found unbearable; parental influence- if parents demonstrate certain phobias, the children may inherit such phobias and guilt feelings. Guilt feelings could result from feelings of extreme guilt and beliefs that the individuals may avoid situations in which they might exhibit otherwise repressed aggressive or erotic impulses.

Example of the last causal factor is when housewife develops a phobic reaction to aichmophobia (fear of sharp objects) fearing that she might use the sharp objects against her loved ones, such as her children or husband.

Management Of Phobia Reactions

Management strategies of phobic reaction should be gradual rather than drastically rushed. The counselor and therapist should assist the patients to analyze the dynamics in his or her life, which led to the phobic reaction. Insight into the underlying causes often helps the phobic person to objectify his or her fears and think differently about them.

For more on psychiatric cases, situations and disorders, click on the following links:
1. Alcoholism And Psychosomatic Disorders: Psychiatric Significance, Etiology, Clinical Presentations And Treatment
2. Drug Dependence: Psychiatric Significance, Clinical Manifestations And Treatment
3. Hysterical Neurosis And Anorexia Nervosa: Psychiatric Significance Of Their Clinical Manifestations
4. Organic Psychosis: Etiology, Clinical Manifestations, Diagnosis And Treatment Of Delirium And Dementia

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Comments

author avatar Lambasted
15th Mar 2014 (#)

A great post as always! What a gem you are. This page definitely deserves a star, please do not relent in sharing

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author avatar Funom Makama
15th Mar 2014 (#)

Tnx Lambasted

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