The Role Of Kidney Affection In Cardiovascular Disorders: Renal Failure

Funom MakamaStarred Page By Funom Makama, 20th Mar 2014 | Follow this author | RSS Feed
Posted in Wikinut>Health>General Health>Diseases & Infections

The kidneys are sophisticated units that process blood to filter out waste products and extra water. The waste and extra water becomes urine, which flows to the bladder through tubes called ureters. It is stored in the bladder until urination occurs. The wastes in the blood come from the normal breakdown of active tissues and from the food you eat.

Kidney Failure

After the body has taken what it needs from the food, waste is sent to the blood. If kidneys do not remove the wastes, they build up in the body.

The actual filtering occurs in tiny units inside the kidneys called tubules. In the nephron, a glomerulus- which is a tiny blood vessel, or capillary- interwines with tiny urine- collecting tube called a tubule. A complicated chemical exchange takes place, as the waste materials and water leave the blood and enter the urinary system. The kidneys regulate the body’s level of substances like sodium, phosphorus and potassium whose right balance is necessary for life but excess levels can be harmful.

In addition, kidneys release three important hormones:
Erythropoietin- which stimulate bone marrow to make red blood cells.
Renin- which regulates blood pressure.
The active form of vitamin D, which helps maintain calcium for bones and for normal chemical balance in the body.

Kidney diseases attack the nephrons, causing them to lose their filtering capacity. Most kidney diseases destroy the nephrons slowly and silently and may take years for the damage to become apparent. The two most common causes of kidney disease are hypertension and diabetes.

Hypertension

This makes the heart to work harder and over time can damage the blood vessels throughout the body. If the blood vessels in the kidneys are damaged, they cannot filter wastes and extra fluid from the blood as they are supposed to. The extra fluid in the blood vessels may then raise blood pressure even more. It is a dangerous cycle.

Diabetic Nephropathy

Diabetes is a disease that keeps the body from using glucose (sugar) as it should. If glucose stays in the blood instead of breaking down, it acts like a poison. Damage to the nephrons from glucose is called diabetic nephropathy. This can be prevented or delayed by keeping the blood glucose down.

Types Of Renal Failure

Acute renal failure (ARF): This is a sudden drop in Kidney function. It can be caused by direct injuries to the kidneys, acute blood loss or taking harmful substances. ARF may be reversed or could lead to permanent loss of kidney.

Chronic renal failure (CRF): This results from gradual loss of kidney functions. You may have “silent” Kidney disease for years.

End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD): This is a condition of total or near total and permanent Kidney failure. People with ESRD must undergo dialysis or kidney transplantation to stay alive.

For more interesting and very important health related and medical articles, click on the links below
1. General Considerations, Clinical And Medical Classifications Of Anemia
2. Heart Failure: Definition, Detailed Causes And Precipitating Factors Of Cardiac Failure
3. Special Investigations In Cardiology II: The Significance Of Echocardiography
4. Clinical Significance And Health Importance On The Actions Of Adrenocorticotropic Hormone (ACTH) On The Adrenal Cortex

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Comments

author avatar cnwriter..carolina
21st Mar 2014 (#)

dont know that much myself except that winter time is kidney time...keep warm...safe and dry...thank you again Funom

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author avatar Fern Mc Costigan
21st Mar 2014 (#)

Interesting post!

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author avatar wonder
21st Mar 2014 (#)

CRF is makes life hell, and dialysis is so expensive.

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author avatar Funom Makama
21st Mar 2014 (#)

Thanks you friends for your contributions.. @ Wonder, I have been with a lot of Kidney failure patients and it is exactly as you have said, it isn't a good experience for them at all...

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author avatar Funom Makama
22nd Mar 2014 (#)

These scammers will not seize to amaze me... I will leave this message here for everyone to see and know who you are!

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