The most common Teenage skin diseases

Najim By Najim, 2nd May 2016 | Follow this author | RSS Feed | Short URL
Posted in Wikinut>Health>Youth & Beauty>Beauty & Skin Care

This article focuses on the most common skin diseases during adolescent or teenage.
There are many kinds of skin diseases, but there are certain types that occur during teenage.

The most common Teenage skin diseases

About Skin:
Skin is our major and most prevalent organ. Because it is the outermost covering of the human body, it is the body’s most noticeable organ. Skin is composed of distinctive type of cells and tissues. The external layer is susceptible to touch, light and heat, the inner layer is connected with massive nerve and blood lines. It often indicates well-being and healthiness of our inner health. It is essential to take best possible care of this delicate organ.

Most important roles of skin:

1. Safeguard: It protects the whole internal body from the external environment. It acts as a defense blockade against the infecting attack of pathogenic microbes.
2. Sensation: It is connected with massive nerve endings, so we get an instantaneous sensation of cold and heat, vibration, pressure, touch and injury of tissue.
3. Heat adjustment: it is connected with enormous blood vessel endings. It receives far greater blood supply than its requirements. When blood vessels have dilated blood they increase escalation of heat loss and reversely when the vessels are constricted they greatly bring down cutaneous blood flow and preserve heat.
4. Fluid Loss Control: The skin is a semi-impermeable and comparatively dry membrane, hence it can easily control the fluid loss of cells and tissues underneath it. We experience a huge fluid loss in burns of injuries.
5. Storing and Synthesizing: It functions as a storehouse of lipids and water, as well as a factory house of synthesizing vitamin D.
6. Excreting Harmful elements: It regulates the sweating process and sweats are contaminated with urea and many other harmful elements for our body.
7. Resists washing outs: It provides a durable resistance to washing out by water, so our essential cell nutrients leak out of the body.

The most Common skin infections during adolescence:

WARTS, ACNE, and TINEA are the three most common skin infections during adolescence.

1. Acne:
Acne is commonly called as Pimples or Zits.
It is a typical skin illness described as the oil glands (sebaceous gland) inflammation or inflammation of the tiny pores on the surface of the skin and the hair follicles.
It is caused when the pores on the surface of the skin are blocked due to excess secretion of oil (sebum) from oil gland cannot get out through a blocked pore.
On the clogged pore inflammatory cells, bacteria and dirt clutter up.
The term used to describe a clogged pore is a Plug.
When the top of the plug is dark it is called blackhead and when it is white, called whitehead.
Blackheads happen when excess oil (sebum) in the clogged pores reaches the surface of the skin and desiccated to a small dark head spot.
Whiteheads are created when bacteria reproduce in a plug of sebum. The trapped oil cannot open out to air and causes inflammation.
Red bumps- When the plug opens out or disrupts, the materials inside come out, the cells swell up causing the development of red bumps.

Acne may be hereditary or in most cases it is triggered when:
Individuals have an excessive degree of humidity and sweating.
Bad quality oily or greasy skin and hair cosmetic products.
Certain distinctive type of drugs.
Intense mental and physical stress.
Hormonal imbalance due to pregnancy, birth control pills, or menstrual periods.

2. Warts:

Kids are most commonly susceptible to warts, but adults and teens can acquire warts, too.
Usually, it becomes visible on hands and feet or fingers.
A family of various types of viruses causes warts. It is characterized by rough, raised, small cauliflower-like infection on the skin.
Normally they do not produce inflammation or pain, but some distinctive type of warts found on feet sometimes trigger itch and pain.
Warts are contagious. They mostly enter the body through an area of damaged or injured skin. Some people do not have resistance to wart virus and easily get warts but some are totally resistant.
Types of Warts:
Common warts that appear on the hands are raised and have rough growths.
But warts that are found on the neck, face and forehead, are flesh-colored, flattened, smooth, small warts.
There are some special types of warts commonly appear beside eyelids, lips and on the face. They are a thread or finger-like warts and called as Filiform.
When warts occur between the thighs and genitals they are called genital warts.
Warts that happen on the soles of the feet characterized by hard painful lumps are called Plantar warts.
Mosaic warts are collections of densely clustered warts, commonly appears on the soles of the feet and on the hands.
Around the toenails and fingernails, cauliflower-like clusters of warts appear that are known as Subungual warts.

3. Tinea or Fungal Infections:

Tinea is a kind of fungal infection. It is characterized by reddish, itchy and scaly skin infection. A group of mold-like fungi that dwells on the lifeless tissues of the nails, skin and hair is the common cause of Tinea.
Common Tinea Infections are:
Jock Itch
Athlete’s Foot
Ringworm of the Scalp
Ringworm of the nails

Ringworm Tinea infections resemble a ring or successions of rings. The rings may have scaly borders (often the middle area is clear) or upraised and bumpy boundaries. Ringworm can affect the skin in any part of the body, like the arms, legs, and chest. At the beginning the ringworm looks like scaly patch, reddish and bumpy, but over time, they become very uncomfortable, irritable and itchy.
Jock itch:
When the red, itchy, scaly patches of ringworm develop in the upper thigh and pubic area skin, they are termed as Jock itch.
Athlete's foot:
It is a fungal infection that happens between toes. It triggers acute itchiness, blisters, and redness.
Ringworm of the scalp:
This appears as a minor sore or a pimple on the scalp. As time passes it becomes patchy, scaly or flaky. It affects some hair to fall out and over time causes baldness.
Ringworm of the nails:
It infects nails on the feet or hands. It affects the nails to turn into very brittle, white or yellowish.

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author avatar Dr Ajay Suryavanshi
1st Sep 2017 (#)

Good informative in daily practice and aware to people the purticular infections

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