Tumours of Vulva

Ekai kaoo By Ekai kaoo, 2nd Aug 2013 | Follow this author | RSS Feed | Short URL http://nut.bz/dlbztgb2/
Posted in Wikinut>Health>General Health>Diseases & Infections

This content covers one of genital cancers in women and how it can be controlled medically.

benign tumours of vulva.

Tumours of the Vulva
Genital cancers in women account for 5% of the reproductive organ cancers. The benign lesions (tumours) of the vulva include:
• Bartholin's cyst/abscess which is the
most common.
• Granuloma lesions which arise as a reaction to germs due to condylomata lata in third stage tissue reaction, tuberculosis, schistosomiasis and/or condylomata acuminata due to viral warts.
• Very rarely carcinoma may arise in Bartholin's gland.
Another rare tumour of the vulva is basal cell carcinoma (rodent ulcer), which grows slowly and does not metastasise although it infiltrates locally.
The symptoms and signs that are diagnostic in neoplastic conditions of the vulva are:
• Ulcer or swelling, soreness or irritations are early signs.
• Slight bleeding may occur.
• Later, there is a purulent discharge, which becomes
very offensive.
• Enlarged inguinal glands may breakdown and ulcerate and occasionally severe haemorrhage may occur from erosion of
femoral vessels.
• Diagnosis is made by biopsy taken for
histologic examination.

Prevention
Early biopsy should be done in suspicious cases in women with leukoplakia and itching.

Prognosis
The prognosis depends on the stage at which the condition is first diagnosed. It is usually worse when glands are involved. The size of the lesion affects the outcome. Lesions that are less than 2cm in diameter have twice as good a prognosis as larger tumours. If the tumour is first detected when it is small, with no palpable glands, then it can be completely removed with the glands and the patient has a 75% chance of surviving up to five years.

Treatment
For cancer of the vulva, treatment will include examination under anaesthesia after which a biopsy is taken, and staging done. Surgery may involve the radical excision of the vulva and of the inguinal and femoral glands on both sides, especially if it is undertaken in the late stage.
Alternatively, an excision and biopsy may be done. Radiotherapy is performed on tumours at the fourchette because of involvement of the anal canal. This may be curative in the early stages.

Tags

Cancer, Tumour, Vulva

Meet the author

author avatar Ekai kaoo
Am a fourth year student undertaking Bachelor of science in Nursing.I like writing articles of medical field.

Share this page

moderator Mark Gordon Brown moderated this page.
If you have any complaints about this content, please let us know

Comments

Add a comment
Username
Can't login?
Password