Watch out - Its dengue fever !!

SparzStarred Page By Sparz, 7th Nov 2010 | Follow this author | RSS Feed
Posted in Wikinut>Health>General Health>Diseases & Infections

Well its been going around lately: "Dengue this", "dengue that", "he got dengue"... and so on. But what is this dengue? Lets take a look together, shall we.

Dengue - A threat not to be taken lightly

What exactly is dengue(pronounced DENG-gee) ? To put simply is a disease transmitted by a mosquito (Aedes Aegypti) infected by a certain virus family. Dengue goes by other names, including "breakbone" or "dandy fever." Classical dengue as an illness has been recognized for more than 200 years.
It is mostly found in tropical and subtropical regions of the world is one of the major health issues in South Asian and South East Asian countries. It is the most common of all the arboviral diseases but not easy to tackle.
The WHO says some 2.5 billion people, two fifths of the world's population, are now at risk from dengue and estimates that there may be 50 million cases of dengue infection worldwide every year. The disease is now endemic in more than 100 countries.

Read on:
http://www.dhpe.org/infect/dengue.html
http://www.medicinenet.com/dengue_fever/article.htm
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dengue_fever

Transmission

Dengue is a mosquito borne infection that causes a severe flu like illness and sometimes a potentially lethal complication called dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF). The mosquito transmits the disease by biting an infected person and then biting someone else. Unlike the mosquito that causes malaria and thrives in filthy water, Aedes aegypti breeds in clean water. The mosquitoes have unique white spots on their body so are easily spot-able. The mosquitoes that transmit dengue live among humans and breed in discarded tires, flower pots, old oil drums, and water storage containers close to human dwellings. Unlike the mosquitoes that cause malaria, dengue mosquitoes may bite at dusk or dawn although it also bites during the day.
The mortality rate in the absence of hospitalization can be as high as 50%. With proper treatment the mortality comes down to 3%.

Symptoms

Many dengue reports go unreported as dengue's first attack is self-limiting and patients do not go to hospitals unless there are sever manifestations such as internal bleeding etc. So as soon as symptoms are spotted one must make a check-up immediately.
Infection with dengue may follow with a fever and headache for 2 - 5 days with complete recovery. Or it may manifest itself as classical dengue with high-grade fever and body pain with rashes with disappear in about 6 - 10 days. Bleeding froms gums, nose or in vomit is due to internal bleeding which is a red light warning for person to immediately consult a doctor. Shock, fall in blood pressure, clammy skin and extreme weakness may also befall the patient.
In all cases the blood platelets (cells that help in blood clotting) count decreases progressively, depending upon the severity of the disease.

Treatment

To diagnose the disease a blood test must be done. Although at current there is no specific way to treat dengue fever, most doctors prefer patients to take in plenty of fluids and have regular check-ups. Taking medicines against flu and fever is also preferred.
Vaccines are currently being developed to tackle this disease.

Prevention

According to WHO, at present there is only one method of controlling this disease, and that is to combat the vector mosquitoes.
These mosquitoes breed primarily in man-made containers like jars,drums, storage tanks and other such objects which may hold water. Community based and environmental programmes should target these breeding grounds as well as take other measures such as make proper waste disposal, improve water storage practices and such.
Mosquito nets should be used while sleeping to keep these dangerous little beasts away from our sound slumber.
Mosquito repellents should be used to keep mosquitoes away.
Fumigation of areas should be done, mainly in breeding sites to kill these mosquitoes.
Ditches and standing water bodies should be filled up with sand (or any other material) so as to avoid breeding of these mosquitoes.
Tadpoles can also be introduced in such water bodies to eat these mosquito larvae.

Apart from that there are a few other precautions that should be taken as well.
Blood transfusions should be carried out with care using properly screened blood free of infection.
Avoid touching other peoples blood especially that of an infected person.
Frequent check-ups should be done with doctors, just to avoid any risks.

Tags

Causes, Cure, Dengue, Dengue Fever, Disease, Mosquitoes, Prevention, Symptoms

Meet the author

author avatar Sparz
Well writing hasn't been one of my best playing fields but i guess theres always a first. I will try my best and provide articles of detail and worth. Hope you like em ! :]

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Comments

author avatar kaylar
7th Nov 2010 (#)

I've had dengue more than once. The joint pain is pretty bad. As are the headaches and fever. There really is no cure so you just have to stay in bed for a few days.

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author avatar SiddiQ
7th Nov 2010 (#)

Dengue fever is definitely a fever no to be taken lightly. I'll shall spread the message throught the net.
A star well deserved!

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author avatar Mark Gordon Brown
7th Nov 2010 (#)

good post. I gather this is of paticular concern now in Haiti after so many floods and stuff.

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author avatar Mark Gordon Brown
7th Nov 2010 (#)

hhmmm maybe I am not right about Haiti.. wrong part of the world? there was something there though.

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author avatar kaylar
7th Nov 2010 (#)

No, Dengue is in the Caribbean, so it is in Haiti and Jamaica. Malaria is also in Haiti and we had an outbreak a few months ago, although we don't usually have malaria.
We do have dengue.

Haiti has cholera and will have an outbreak of malaria and dengue due to the rain

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author avatar Sparz
8th Nov 2010 (#)

Thanx guys and yes its a major problems, especially in places lacking infrastructure to tackle it like third world countries

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author avatar christopheranton
24th Nov 2010 (#)

Thanks for a very good article,which told us a lot. I hope this scourge, like so many others, is defeated, by the advance
of science.

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author avatar Sparz
24th Nov 2010 (#)

We all hope so and i wish someday we do succeed

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author avatar Denise O
25th Nov 2010 (#)

Just a wonderful article.
Congrats on the star page, it is well deserved.
I look forward to reading more of your work.
Thank you for sharing.:)

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author avatar Sparz
25th Nov 2010 (#)

Thank you Denise O! Ill do my best to provide such articles in future as well.

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author avatar angelnjuly
27th Dec 2010 (#)

I've seen a few who were infected with the fever and died. Seriously, this doesn't need to be for granted. I live in Cebu where everybody's health is at risk with the said infection. Thanks for the share Sparz...

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author avatar Sparz
28th Dec 2010 (#)

I pray for those that have passed and wish for a better brighter future. Thanks angelnjuly

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