We All Owe Support To HIV-AIDS Orphans

tafmona By tafmona, 4th Dec 2014 | Follow this author | RSS Feed | Short URL http://nut.bz/3_b8ok6o/
Posted in Wikinut>Health>General Health>Sexual Health & STDs

this page highlights how HIV-AIDS orphans have so many challenges facing them.

challenges facing HIV-AIDS Orphans

The likelihood of maladjustment is increased when adverse conditions endure over time, when stresses are cumulative and when children are given few opportunities for support and hope. Thus, long-term maladjustment is dependent on the availability of conditions for recovery as much as, or more than, the form or severity of precipitating stresses According to the International Organization for Migration (IOM), however, the trafficking of women and children is the third most lucrative type of organized crime in the Southern African region, following the sale of arms and drugs. A recent report released by the IOM suggests that considerable numbers of women and children are trafficked annually in the Southern African region.

Trafficking in children occurs for the purposes of child prostitution, illegal and false marriage, illegal adoption and child labour. An unknown number of children are trafficked for body parts. In the Southern African Development Community (SADC) region, children are trafficked primarily as bonded labour and for the purpose of sexual exploitation. The IOM report highlights, as examples of trafficking in the region, a European-led child sex tourism industry in Malawi and the trafficking of Mozambican children into prostitution in Johannesburg. It is likely that as the ratio of dependent children increases as a result of the HIV/AIDS epidemic, so will the chances of children being lured into trafficking and sexual exploitation. Once imprisoned, or left without the means of escape, children are at their most vulnerable(O Shisana & L Simbayi, 2002). Families, friends, and the wider community are the first line of protection and support for children, providing for their practical and material needs, as well as social, psychological and emotional needs. Yet in countries with a high HIV prevalence, AIDS places an economic burden on families and communities, making it difficult for them to provide and support for their children.

The main reason for this is that AIDS normally affects adults when they are most economically productive.45 Reduced household income combined with increased expenses (for example for treatment, transport, funerals) may push families into poverty, which has negative outcomes for children in terms of nutrition, health status, education and emotional support. For children who have lost one or more parents to AIDS, an estimated 95 percent live with a surviving parent or extended family member.46 Most children (9 out of 10) orphaned by AIDS still have a surviving parent, and if they are put into residential care it is most often due to extreme poverty rather than the child not having any family. Families are often a more long-term, stable form of care for a child than an institution or care-programme (D Bradshaw, L Johnson, H Schneider, D Bourne & R Dorrington, 2002, pp 20–23). As a family and community centered approach to care for a child affected by AIDS is the most beneficial for a child’s development.

Tags

Aids, Hiv, Orphans

Meet the author

author avatar tafmona
I am a simple writer, I do much on disability, agribusiness and motivational speaking but I also touch any area that comes to my mind

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author avatar viewgreen
4th Dec 2014 (#)

Sure! everyone should be... Another informative about HIV/AIDS. Thank you... Have a nice day.

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author avatar tafmona
4th Dec 2014 (#)

thanks a lot for stopping by to read my post

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author avatar Shamarie
5th Dec 2014 (#)

Very informative, tafmona! Thanks!!!

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author avatar tafmona
5th Dec 2014 (#)

thanks for reading and leaving a comment

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