What is Diabetes? Types of Diabetes

vellur By vellur, 8th Jan 2014 | Follow this author | RSS Feed | Short URL http://nut.bz/2tacjpzb/
Posted in Wikinut>Health>General Health>Wellness

Diabetes is a health condition that occurs when the glucose in the blood stream is not able to enter into the cells to be used as energy. When this happens blood sugar level rapidly increases. There are two types of diabetes that can affect the body system - Type 1 Diabetes and Type 2 - Diabetes.

Blood sugar and blood glucose are one and the same. The terms blood sugar and blood glucose both refer to the sugar that is carried in the blood to supply energy to all the cells in the body.

What is Diabetes?

Diabetes is a health condition that occurs when the sugar or glucose level in the blood is very high. Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas. This hormone is responsible for controlling the blood sugar level.

The insulin hormone is responsible for helping the sugars or glucose in the blood stream enter the cells, where they are converted into energy to be used by the body for it's various functions.

Diabetes can be due to the following reasons –

• pancreas does not produce enough insulin
• pancreas does not produce any insulin
• cells do not respond to insulin

What is Type 1 Diabetes? Symptoms and Treatments

Type 1 Diabetes is a condition in which the pancreas produces very little insulin or no insulin at all. Without insulin the sugars in the blood stream will not be able to enter the cells and will remain in the blood stream. When this happens the sugar level in the blood shoots up.

Type 1 Diabetes usually occurs in children and young adults. It can also occur in adults. This condition can be due to genetics or due to an autoimmune disease.

In the case of an autoimmune disease, the immune system of the body destroys the cells in the pancreas that produce insulin.

Symptoms of Type 1 Diabetes

• feeling extremely thirsty
• increased hunger
• weight loss
• fatigue
• blurred vision

Type 1 Diabetes is treated by giving insulin injections to the patients as prescribed by the doctor.

What is Type 2 Diabetes? Symptoms and Treatments

Type 2 diabetes is also known as Diabetes mellitus. Type 2 Diabetes is most commonly found in adults over 30 years of age. Children can also get Type 2 Diabetes due to obesity and an unhealthy life style.

Type 2 Diabetes occurs when -

** the cells do not respond to insulin
or
** the pancreas does not produce enough insulin.

Diabetes can also be due to a combination of both the above mentioned reasons.

Symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes

• feeling extremely thirsty
• weight loss
• tiredness
• frequent urination

Type 2 Diabetes can be controlled by eating healthy and exercising regularly. If this does not work, doctors usually prescribe insulin injections to reduce blood glucose levels. If left untreated Type 2 Diabetes can lead to many other complications and in extreme cases may result in death.

Diabetes can be controlled by taking proper care and testing blood sugar levels at regular intervals.

References

diabetes.org.uk
mayoclinic.org
WebMD


More Diabetes Related Links

How does diabetes affect your eye vision?

Dental Care and Diabetes - How does diabetes affect your teeth? How to take care?

What are the health benefits of eating food with Low Glycemic Index


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Tags

Blood Sugar, Conditions, Diabetes, Diabetes Control, Diabetes Mellitus, Diabetes Mellitus Type 2, Glucose, Health, Health Condition, Hormone, Insulin, Pancreas, Type 1 Diabetes, Type 2 Diabetes

Meet the author

author avatar vellur
Hi!! My name is Mrs. Nithya Venkat. Writing is my passion, nature my inspiration. I write about topics that interest me.

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Comments

author avatar Stella Mitchell
9th Jan 2014 (#)

Very helpful and informative dear vellur
God bless you
Stella

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author avatar vellur
9th Jan 2014 (#)

Thank you johnnydod for the moderation.

Stella thank you for stopping by.

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author avatar Fern Mc Costigan
10th Jan 2014 (#)

Nice and interesting post in every line!

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author avatar vellur
10th Jan 2014 (#)

Fern Mc Costigan thank you for your appreciation.

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author avatar Ptrikha
17th Jan 2014 (#)

Thanks for this informative work.

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author avatar vellur
19th Jan 2014 (#)

Thank you for reading Ptrikha.

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author avatar Delicia Powers
28th Feb 2014 (#)

Great article...vital points...thanks vellur!

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author avatar vellur
28th Feb 2014 (#)

Delicia Powers thank you.

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