What is Parkinson's Disease ?

johnnydodStarred Page By johnnydod, 22nd Aug 2012 | Follow this author | RSS Feed
Posted in Wikinut>Health>General Health>Diseases & Infections

Parkinson's disease , what is it? and how can we help, a deeper look into this Dreadful degenerative disorder.

The death of a cell

If you think of our brains as a computer or a central processing unit that is capable of multi-tasking on a massive scale, and in part of that processing unit is The central nervous system(CNS).
This nervous system integrates the information that it receives from, and coordinates the activity of, all parts of the body.

There are numourious sections in this CNS called the substantia nigra and part of this substantia nigra are dopamine-generating cells, Parkinson disease is a degenerative disorder of the central nervous system that slowly distroys these dopamine-generating cells, and with that, reduces the bodies ability to operate important functions

These cells play a number of important physiological roles including sending signals to other nerve cells such as controling vision, hearing, motor control, sleep/wake, arousal (alertness), and temperature regulation, The disease is named after the English doctor James Parkinson and awareness of the disease have been emphasized by such public figures as Michael J. Fox and Muhammad Ali.

Michael J Fox is to make a TV comedy series about his lifes challenges to highlight his battle with Parkinson's disease

Parkinson’s is mostly assonated with the elderly, with most cases arising after the age of 50, although symptoms can occur as young as 20.
James Parkinson, first described the disease in 1817 in his paper,” "An Essay on the Shaking Palsy” as the disease develops further symptoms occurs affecting disorders of speech, cognition, mood, behaviour, and thought.

Sleep problems are a feature of the disease and can be worsened by medications; there is no specific known cause for the disease however it is thought it can be attributed to known genetic factors, Parkinson’s is considered to be a non-genetic disorder, but is understood to be a mutation of one of several specific genes, this could be diet related but up to now no medical proof has shown this to be so.

No cure but help is on hand

Surgery was a common practice in treating Parkins but since the discovery of levodopa a drug when combined with other drugs can help relieve the symptoms, also a balanced diet based on the Mediterranean diet is recommended consisting of high amounts of olive oil, legumes, unrefined cereals, fruits, vegetables, combined with a low consumption of dairy products principally cheese yogurt, fish, poultry, eggs and red meat.

There is no known cure for Parkinson's disease, but medications and other procedures can provide relief from the symptoms, in the final stages of the disease, palliative care is provided to enhance quality of life

Is it because of the world we live in?

Parkinson’s disease is the second most common neurodegenerative disorder after Alzheimer's disease, it is more common in men than women, and there is an increased risk in those exposed to pesticides.

Exposure to some ecological toxins may increase the risk of having Parkinson’s, and exposure to toxins that have been consistently related to the disease can double the risk these include certain pesticides, such as rotenone or paraquat, and herbicides,

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Alertness, Arousal, Hearing, Motor Control, Sleepwake, Temperature Regulation, Vision

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author avatar johnnydod
Writers write while dreamers procrastinate.

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author avatar Mark Gordon Brown
23rd Aug 2012 (#)

You may not have known this, but my mother had Parkinson's Disease, I was her care provider for many years.

I am glad you mentioned the link to pesticides.

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author avatar Sivaramakrishnan A
23rd Aug 2012 (#)

Looks like individually we are helpless to take preventive measures. Preventing use of pesticides is not directly in our hands - siva

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author avatar David Reinstein,LCSW
23rd Aug 2012 (#)

There are (as though Parkinson's itself were not bad enough) a few particularly gruesome forms of it... among them, Lewy Body Dementia (LBD) which is quickly devastating and usually fatal.
I have a friend much younger than I about to expire from its ravages...

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author avatar Judy Ellen
23rd Aug 2012 (#)

Thank you for sharing this very informative article.

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author avatar Teila
24th Aug 2012 (#)

Very nice article and very informative.

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author avatar Ivyevelyn, R.S.A.
25th Aug 2012 (#)

Thank you for this information, Johnnydod.

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author avatar Buzz
25th Aug 2012 (#)

The late Pope John Paul had it before his death.

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author avatar Delicia Powers
31st Aug 2012 (#)

great information, thank you...

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author avatar Retired
1st Sep 2012 (#)

Good page on Parkinson's. My dad had it - and I helped caretaking him the final six months of his life (and the year befopre that as well). We used to be involved in A group, and they invited Rasheeda Ali, Mohamad Ali's daughter, to give a talk and promopte her book. She had written a book on Parkinson's for her children to help them cope with thier grandpa's illness.

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author avatar krrymarie
2nd Oct 2012 (#)

Good article. Its a horrible illness. Being a carer I look after many ppl who have had the Illness. which they would find a cure.

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author avatar Sugarmoon
2nd Nov 2012 (#)

very informative, thanks for sharing

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